Florence Nightingale

blogger templates
Nightingale did not develop a theory of nursing as theory is defined today, but rather she provided the nursing profession with the philosophical basis from which other theories have emerged and developed.
Nightingale’s ideas about nursing have guided both theoretical thought and actual nursing practice throughout the history of modern nursing. Nightingale considered nursing similar to a religious calling to be answered only by women with an all-consuming and passionate response. She considered nursing to be both an art and a science and believed that nurses should be formally educated. Her writings did not focus on the nature of the person but did stress the importance of caring for the ill person rather than caring for the illness. In Nightingale’s view, the person was a passive recipient of care, and nursing’s primary focus was on the manipulation of the person’s environment to maintain or achieve a state of health. Despite the fact that she did not believe in the germ theory, her experiences in the Crimean War magnified her interest in the principles of sanitation and the relationship between environment and health. A person’s health was the direct result of environmental influences, specifically cleanliness, light, pure air, pure water, and efficient drainage. Through manipulating the environment, nursing “aims to discover the laws of nature that
would assist in putting the patient in the best possible condition so that nature can effect a cure” (Nightingale, 1859). Nursing’s main focus was health, and health was closely related to nursing. Nursing was concerned with the healthy, as well as the sick (Nightingale, 1859). Nightingale’s principles regarding environmenthealth- nursing were implemented in America at the turn of the 20th century. With the development of hospital- based schools of nursing, Nightingale’s principles of sanitation were used to clean up the rat-infested, dirty hospitals of the day. With the use of Nightingale’s ideas, hospitals became a place for people to recover rather than a place to die. When, for a variety of reasons, hospitals did not hire their own nursing graduates, nurses applied Nightingale’s principles in the community in the development of public health nursing. The Henry Street Settlement founded by Lillian Wald is an excellent example of Nightingale’s theory in practice. Private duty nursing and public health nursing remained the primary focus of nursing practice until World War II. At this time, there was a tremendous increase in scientific knowledge and technology affecting health care. As the practice of medicine became more scientifically based, more clients were cared for in hospital settings. Nursing practice likewise became centered in the hospital rather than the home. With this development, it became clear that nursing did not have an adequate theory base to organize new knowledge and guide nursing practice. Nursing began to further develop its knowledge base by incorporating the principles of Nightingale into modern nursing theory.

0 Response to "Florence Nightingale"

Post a Comment

Labels

kesehatan Istilah Penyakit health ASKEP KESEHATAN artikel kesehatan A FARMASI ASKEP H KEPERAWATAN tips sehat penyakit M P S Tanaman Obat Indonesia G T D TIPS E info sehat tanaman obat C Menstruasi pengobatan alternatif B Berita Kesehatan K O wanita dan kesehatan CANCER Healthy Living I Weght Loss Diet dan Kesehatan Fat loss NURSING Obat Tradisional PENGOBATAN V olah raga Health and Fitness Illusion NUTRITION Tips Diet Sehat U alternative herbal gaya hidup sehat kesehatan jantung langsing mom and kids Asthma F Health today Hypertension Khasiat Daun Salam Kolera L R Tentang Kanker Yoga dan Kecantikan business nutrisi dan kesehatan pesan untuk pembaca AIDS - Acquired Immune Deficiency Abortus Abortus imminen Acut Miocard Infark Agnosia Alergi Alergi Obat Alpokat Alzheimer's Disease Amenorrhea Amnesia Disosiatif Anemia Angina Pectoris Angina Pektoris Angiofibroma Anorexia Nervosa Anosmia Anxietas Appendicitis Appendiksitis Aritmia Asthma Bronkhiale Aterosklerosis Atrial Septal Defect Auditory Illusion BPH (Benigna Prostat Hipertropi) Batu Empedu Berkah Herbal Bipolar Disorder Bronchiectasis Bronkhitis Bronkiektasis Buah Sehat Buah-buahan CANCER THERAPY COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonal Disease) Cemas Cepalgia Cephalgia Chest Pain Cholelitiasis Cholera Colon Carcinoma Cronical diseas DHF (Dengue Haemorhagic Fever) Daftar Isi Decompensasi Cordis Decubitus Delirium Depression Dermatitis Atopik Dermatitis Kontak Diabetes Mellitus Diare Dispepsia Ebola Efusi Pleura Empiema Encephalitis Endokarditis Endometriosis Epilepsi Eritroderma FISIOLOGI FRAKTUR Faringitis Fatigue Fibromialgia Flu Babi Gagal Ginjal Akut Gagal Ginjal Kronis Gagal Jantung Gangguan / Kelainan Menstruasi (Haid) Gastritis Gastritis - acute Gastroenteritis Gastroentritis Gigantisme Gizi Glomerulonephritis Gout Guillain Barre Syndrome H1N1 (swine) influenza HERNIA NUKLEUS PULPOSUS Halusinasi Hemofilia Hemoroid Hepatitis Herpes Simplex Hidronefrosis Hidrosefalus Hiperemesis Gravidarum Hiperparatiroidisme Hipertensi Hipoglikemia Hipoparatiroidisme Hisprung Hyperpyrexia Hypertiroid Hypokalemia Hypomenorrhea ISPA Infeksi Saluran Kemih Info Seks Inkontinensia Urine Insertio Velamentosa Kanker Kolon Kanker Mulut Rahim Kanker Payudara Kanker Serviks Ketoacidosis Diabetik Ketuban Pecah Dini (KPD) Khasiat Buah Jamblang Khasiat Tanaman Obat Sidaguri Kistoma Ovari Konstipasi Leptospirosis Low Back Pain (LBP) Malaria Mania Marasmus Mastoiditis Meningitis Menstruasi Praecox Migrain Mioma Uteri Mola Hidatidosa Morbili Myasthenia Gravis Myocarditis N NEWS Nyeri Dada Optical Illusion Osteoarthritis Osteomalacia Osteomalasia Osteoporosis Otitis Media Akut OMA Parkinson's Disease Penyakit Alzheimer Penyakit Jantung Koroner Penyakit Jantung Rematik Penyakit Parkinson Perikarditis Peritonitis Pharingitis Plasenta Previa Pneumonia Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Prolapsus Uteri Propolis Pseudomenorrea Reumatoid Artritis Rheumatic Heart Disease Ricky Soebagdja SISTEMMUSKULOSKELETAL Schizophrenia Servicitis Sifilis Sinusitis Sirosis Hepatis Skabies Skoliosis Solusio Plasenta Spondilitis TBC Stenosis Aorta Strok Non Hemoragik (SNH) Struma Syndrome Stevens Johnson TERAPI PENGOBATAN Tanaman Beracun Tetanus Tetanus Neonatorum Tinnitus Tonsilitis Trachoma Trikomoniasis Tuberculosis Tuberkulosis Paru Tumor Tulang Typhoid Typhus Uremia Urinary Tract Infection Urticaria Vaginitis Vertigo Vesikolithiasis Vomiting W Waham Yoga dan Kesehatan acne and pregnancy autisme bahaya plastik biologi blackberry cara memasak sehat garlic health skin care herbal medicine informasi jarak bali khasiat Daun Duduk khasiat bawang putih khasiat buah-buahan maag mayoclinic melamin pencernaan pilates promo produk shisha stomach syndrom today tips vcd kesehatan vcd yoga workout